Eczema is a skin condition characterized by dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. Common symptoms of eczema include red or brown patches on the skin, dry, scaly patches, and intense itching. In more severe cases, open sores and blisters can form. Diagnosis of eczema is typically done through a physical examination and medical history. Treatment typically includes moisturizers, anti-itch medicines, steroid creams, and other therapies. In some cases phototherapy may also be recommended.